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Pneumonia in HIV-Infected Patients [Eurasian J Pulmonol]
Eurasian J Pulmonol. 2016; 18(1): 11-17 | DOI: 10.5152/ejp.2016.81894  

Pneumonia in HIV-Infected Patients

Seda Tural Önür1, Levent Dalar2, Sinem Iliaz3, Arzu Didem Yalçın4
1Clinic of Chest Diseases, Yedikule Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Chest Diseases, İstanbul Bilim University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
3Department of Chest Diseases, Koç University, İstanbul, Turkey
4Academia Sinica, Genomics Research Center, Internal Medicine, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Taipei, Taiwan; Clinic of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is an immune system disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The purpose of this review is to investigate the correlation between an immune system destroyed by HIV and the frequency of pneumonia. Observational studies show that respiratory diseases are among the most common infections observed in HIV-infected patients. In addition, pneumonia is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected patients. According to articles in literature, in addition to antiretroviral therapy (ART) or highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the use of prophylaxis provides favorable results for the treatment of pneumonia. Here we conduct a systematic literature review to determine the pathogenesis and causative agents of bacterial pneumonia, tuberculosis (TB), nontuberculous mycobacterial disease, fungal pneumonia, Pneumocystis pneumonia, viral pneumonia and parasitic infections and the prophylaxis in addition to ART and HAART for treatment. Pneumococcus-based polysaccharide vaccine is recommended to avoid some type of specific bacterial pneumonia.

Keywords: HIV, infection, pneumonia

Seda Tural Önür, Levent Dalar, Sinem Iliaz, Arzu Didem Yalçın. Pneumonia in HIV-Infected Patients. Eurasian J Pulmonol. 2016; 18(1): 11-17

Corresponding Author: Seda Tural Önür, Türkiye

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